Lanthanide Doped Calcium Fluoride Nanoparticles

  • Synthesis route: co-precipiation
  • Size: 5 – 10 nm
  • Doping with different kinds of lanthanide ions
  • Stable in water and aqueous buffers
  • Separation by way of sedimentation or centrifugation
  • Different types of surface functionalization (e.g. -OH, -SH, -NH2, -COOH) for covalent bonding of proteins, antibodies or other molecules